Passenger ship flooring: LED, sustainability and safety

Sika has launched a product line of artificial teak exterior floors constructed from resin
Recent cruise ship flooring products include new design features such as LED and an even greater green focus

New design features
 and an increased focus on safety and sustainability are some of the latest trends to be found within cruise ship and ferry flooring and decking.

Bolidt has added to its Bolideck range of ship deck covering solutions, with the first delivery of Bolideck LED leading to follow up orders from several owners.

Bolideck LED features integral LED lighting, and its first installation was on board 2,894-passenger capacity TUI Cruises vessel Mein Schiff 2.

Bolideck LED has been deployed in a bar and passenger access areas on Mein Schiff 2. It is also part of a ‘floor diamonds’ artwork on the ship, developed in partnership with ICArt and design studio SOFTlab.

The novel artwork floor installation required close cooperation between the shipyard Meyer Turku, Bolidt and SPT Finland, while the vessel was under construction at the Finnish yard. The project’s success depended on fitting the LED lighting with the right sequencing and at the optimum time in the production process to enable Bolidt to complete the striking flush decking finish.

“Feedback from passengers and crew on Mein Schiff 2 has been very positive,” says Bolidt maritime division director Jacco van Overbeek. “Following on from this initial installation, Bolideck LED has attracted a lot of interest within the market and has been specified for several additional cruise vessel projects, with installations due to take place over the coming year or so.”

He says Bolideck LED offers designers a high degree of flexibility as it is available in a wide range of different formats. This allows the client to integrate LED lighting within a larger deck space or deck design, or alternatively to create specific functional features, in sports courts or exits for example. Bolideck LED also allows deck lighting to be programmed to form different patterns or to vary the intensity of individual LEDs. Bolideck LED lighting can also be made invisible when turned off.

“With any number of lighting patterns possible, Bolideck LED brings additional freedom of expression for cruise ship interior designers. But it could also be used to enhance safety,” adds Mr van Overbeek. “As with all our products the important thing is it can be seamlessly integrated with other systems onboard.”

Along with Bolideck LED, Mein Schiff 2 features over 10,000 m2 of Bolidt products on board. Other products used include Bolideck Future Teak, Bolideck Select Soft and Bolideck Select Hard.

Bolideck LED was developed in-house at the company’s research and development centreMr Van Overbeek says “In these uncertain times we need innovation more than ever before and, in this regard, Bolidt has a unique track record that will help it and its partners in the maritime sector find a way forward.”

Gerflor has supplied its Streamo floorings to Brittany Ferries’ newbuild, Ultramar’s two latest fast ferries and MSC Grandiosa

Brittany Ferries, MSC, Ultramar

Elsewhere, Gerflor has supplied its Streamo floorings to cruise and ferry passengers, with its recent projects spanning the Mustay Karim Russian river cruise ship, the new LNG-powered ferry for Brittany ferries, Ultramar’s two latest fast ferries and MSC Grandiosa.

Gerflor product manager Karine Bouttier tells sister magazine Passenger Ship Interiors & Refurbishment Review “Their interiors will be enhanced with Streamo Karavel luxury vinyl tiles, offering a wide palette of wood and mineral designs but also with homogeneous floorings, available in more than 60 colours.”

Streamo is Gerflor’s dedicated range for marine IMO applications. This includes homogeneous floorings with patented surface treatment, decorative luxury vinyl tiles and a wide offering of additional finishes and accessories (skirtings, stair nosings etc). Gerflor can also supply wall protection, entrance matting and all the tools needed for optimal installation.

The company is expanding its products with a soon-to-launch IMO adhesive, a new non-directional homogeneous flooring and a rubber studded tile.

The sustainability trend within the passenger ship industry can also be seen in Gerflor’s processes. Ms Bouttier says “In line with our strong commitment to sustainable development and a focus on innovative solutions, Gerflor can supply precut pieces for all crew cabins, enabling our customers to facilitate the installation process, save time and costs, and significantly minimise waste.”

She highlights how the company is forging links between onshore and maritime flooring. “Working in close co-operation with our customers and our internal group studio design, we try to bring more designs and reduce the frontiers between land-based buildings and the marine market to make the passengers and crew feel at home.”

Creating green solutions

Last year Sika launched a new visco-elastic technology, VEM X, used for damping structure-borne noise. Sikafloor Marine VEM X is a one-component polymer modified cementitious product that can be used instead of polyurethane-based products bringing identical product damping characteristics.

Using Sikafloor Marine VEM X also means delivery to the shipyard is easier as there are no dangerous goods to transfer. Polyurethane-based products must be delivered to special waste stations as they are a chemical product.

Sikafloor Marine VEM X is patented by Sika, which is in the process of phasing out its polyurethanebased PU-Red solution and replacing it.

Sika Services corporate head of marine Oscar Ovejero says “The idea was to create a green solution. Companies in the past used PU, but this is no longer welcome in the industry, so we started this project. What we have now is a one-component, elastic cementitious compound with an acoustic performance at the same level as before. The new product is faster to install and uses cheaper raw materials, benefiting the customer, and the waste is a paper bag and not metal.”

“We have provided a new solution in sustainability, price, installation and service.”

The company has also developed a complete product line of artificial teak exterior floors and interior decorative floors, constructed from resin. These have recently been installed on the passenger tourist ship Enhydra in San Francisco, carried out with Canada-headquartered A&A Installations, and have also been installed on cruise ships being built at Meyer Turku.

Mr Ovejero says “Our resin exterior artificial floors offer faster application than PVC or wood as there are no joints in between. The continuous waterproof membrane can also be used as a levelling compound.

He highlights the freedom of design and colours for the floors. “There is a lot of freedom in design in term of logos and cutting plane. We have 15 colours in total, and different colours can be combined.”

He says the colours have been tested by Sika for over 5,000 hours and the results show the “colours are stable, there are no surface cracks and it is easy to refresh the surface.”

TUI Lands Loan Guarantee

Mein Schiff 4

TUI Group today announced it received the commitment of the German Federal Government for a €1.8 billion KfW loan to increase TUI’s existing €1.75 billion credit agreement.

TUI Group oversees TUI Cruises, Marella Cruises and Hapag-Lloyd Cruises.

The KfW loan is subject to the approval of the banking consortium in regards to the necessary amendments of the Revolving Credit Facility, according to a statement.

Thereby, TUI would have current cash and available facilities to the tune of €3.1 billion, the company said.

TUI decided to apply for the KfW loan to soften the unprecedented effects of the COVID 19 pandemic until normal business operations can be resumed. One of the conditions of the KfW loan is that TUI de facto waives dividend payments for the term of the credit line.

TUI’s Executive Board is continuously evaluating the impact on our operations from the development of the COVID 19 pandemic and is implementing a variety of actions to support our customers,

Cruise Companies Pursue Different Brand Growth Strategies

Carnival Horizon and Mein Schiff 6

The multi-brand cruise companies will continue to grow their largest and most popular brands, but individual brand growth may surprise, according to the 2019 Cruise Industry News Annual Report.

While Carnival Cruise Line brand will continue to be the dominant brand for Carnival Corporation over the next decade, carrying twice as many passengers as the second-largest brand, Costa Crociere will see the most capacity growth over the same time period, driven partially by its short cruises in China.

AIDA will be third in terms of capacity growth, followed by Princess Cruises.

Altogether the Carnival brands will grow their passenger capacity from an estimated 12 million (double occupancy) in 2019 to some 16 million in 2027, barring any ship withdrawals and deployment changes.

At Royal Caribbean Cruises, the Royal Caribbean brand will also continue to dominate and could be the single largest brand in the world by 2027, growing by an estimated 1.2 million passengers, twice the projected capacity growth for the Carnival brand over the same time period. TUI Cruises, which is 50 per cent owned by Royal Caribbean, will also see significant growth. However, Celebrity, which will see less growth over the same time period, will remain the second-largest brand at Royal Caribbean. The total capacity for the Royal Caribbean brands is forecast to grow to about 9 million.

MSC Cruises will move up to become the third-largest cruise company with the most capacity growth of any brand, from an estimated 2.4 million in 2019 to nearly 5 million by 2027.

Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings moves to fourth place, however, the Norwegian Cruise Line brand will see the second largest passenger capacity increase. Total capacity for the three Norwegian brands is estimated at 3.7 million in the nine-year forecast.

Genting will also see significant relative growth and remains the fifth largest cruise operator.